The current number of Nile lechwe in the wild is unknown and the species is classified as endangered. The last count of the wild population was in 1983, at which time the total number of individuals was estimated to be between 30,000 and 40,000 animals. Since the 1980s, the people they share their habitat with have been in a state of turmoil. With cultural instability, the increasing use of firearms, and multiplying cattle encroaching on their native area, the outlook for the Nile lechwe is unstable.
Probably most threatening is a hydroelectric dam constructed south of their native floodplains in Sudan, which will likely disturb the seasonal flooding Nile lechwe and many other species rely on. Because of the political problems in Sudan, field research has not been attempted, and much of how Nile lechwe behave in the wild is unknown. Social stability is crucial for the people living in this beautiful country and for the creatures that inhabit it.
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